• Table of Contents
    • Abstract
    • Keywords
    • Article
      • Boserup effects
      • Population induced specialization in agriculture
      • A historical perspective
      • Sustainable development
      • The co-evolution of specialization and governance
      • Smith to Malthus to Solow
    • See Also
    • Bibliography
    • How to cite this article

population and agricultural growth

James Roumasset
From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008
Edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume
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Thinking about population as a driver of agricultural development provides insights into induced technical and institutional change, whether it be Ester Boserup's declining fallow period, modern crop varieties, or the horizontal and vertical specialization that arise in labour-intensive agriculture. The non-convexities of research and development, infrastructure investments, and specialization imply that modest population pressure does not necessarily exert downward pressure on wages. As agricultural growth stimulates industrialization, the non-convexities of specialization become ever more compact. The combination of these and the increased demand for human capital, if not inhibited by policy failures, tends to promote a virtuous circle of human progress.
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How to cite this article

Roumasset, James. "population and agricultural growth." The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online. Palgrave Macmillan. 24 November 2017 <http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_A000065> doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1308

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