excise taxes

James R. Hines, Jr.
From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008
Edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume
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Abstract

Excise taxes are selective taxes on the sale or use of specific goods and services, such as alcohol and petrol. Over time, governments have relied less on excise taxes, though, as of 2007, excise taxes still contribute 12 per cent of total government revenues in OECD countries. In addition to generating needed revenue, excise taxes can control externalities and impose tax burdens on those who benefit from government spending. Rather more controversially, they also can be used to discourage consumption of potentially harmful substances (such as tobacco and alcohol) that individuals might over-consume in the absence of taxation.
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How to cite this article

Hines, James R., Jr. "excise taxes." The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online. Palgrave Macmillan. 23 October 2014 <http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_E000162> doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0521

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