environmental Kuznets curve

Arik Levinson
From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008
Edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume
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Abstract

Pollution often appears first to worsen and later to improve as countries’ incomes grow. Because of its resemblance to the pattern of inequality and income described by Simon Kuznets, this pattern of pollution and income has been labelled an ‘environmental Kuznets curve’. While many pollutants exhibit this pattern, peak pollution levels occur at different income levels for different pollutants, countries and time periods. This link between income and pollution cannot be interpreted causally, and is consistent with either efficient or inefficient growth paths. The evidence does, however, refute the claim that environmental degradation is an inevitable consequence of economic growth.
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How to cite this article

Levinson, Arik. "environmental Kuznets curve." The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online. Palgrave Macmillan. 17 January 2018 <http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_E000211> doi:10.1057/9780230226203.0487

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