• Table of Contents
    • Abstract
    • Keywords
    • Article
      • The representative city
      • City formation
      • Types of cities: foundations for an urban hierarchy
      • The effect of trade and other policies on urban systems
      • Growth in a system of cities
      • Zipf's Law
      • Geography
    • See Also
    • Bibliography
    • How to cite this article

systems of cities

J. Vernon Henderson
From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008
Edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume
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Research on systems of cities examines five issues. How do cities form and what are the agglomeration benefits driving city formation and sizes? Second, in a hierarchy of cities, what is the role of big versus small cities? Third, how does a system of cities evolve under economic and population growth; and how does urban growth based on localized knowledge spillovers potentially define national economic growth? Fourth, how do governance, institutions, and public policy affect city formation and sizes? Finally where do cities locate and what the effects of history, climate and natural resource location?
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See Also

I thank Yannis Ioannides and Will Strange for helpful comments on the first draft.
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How to cite this article

Henderson, J. Vernon. "systems of cities." The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online. Palgrave Macmillan. 19 January 2018 <http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_S000446> doi:10.1057/9780230226203.1663

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