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481. Champernowne, David Gawen (born 1912)

It was fortunate for the economics profession that the schoolboy Champernowne, a keen and able mathematician, was advised to read something in the ...

By F.A. Cowell. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

482. Chandler, Alfred D. (1918–2007)

Alfred D. Chandler Jr. (15 September 1918–9 May 2007), a Pulitzer Prize-winning historian who pioneered the field of business history, ...

By Walter A. Friedman. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Online Edition, 2009

483. changes in tastes

It is often analytically convenient to abstract from the phenomenon of changing tastes in explaining or evaluating economic phenomena. Alfred Marshall ...

By M.S. McPherson. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

484. chaotic dynamics in economics

A new literature in the 1980s studied the possibility that endogenous cycles and irregular chaotic dynamics resembling stochastic fluctuations could be ...

By Jess Benhabib. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

485. characteristics

If Eve had not insisted that ‘an apple is an apple is an apple’, Adam would probably have brought down the wrath of Jehovah himself by characterizing ...

By W.M. Gorman and G.D. Myles. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

486. charitable giving

Charitable giving is a significant vehicle for providing needed goods and services around the world. In the United States, for example, charitable giving ...

By James Andreoni. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

487. chartism

The chartist movement was in its origin and its aim economic. It arose out of the economic necessities of the time, and its leaders had before them, ...

By E.C.K. Gonner. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

488. chartism: the points of the Charter

The Charter itself was a document in the form of an act of parliament, drafted by Francis Place from materials supplied by William Lovett. Its proposals ...

By G. Wallace. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

489. Chayanov, Alexander Vasil’evich (1888–?1939)

Chayanov is the best-known exponent of the theory of peasant economy developed by the Organization and Production School of Russian agricultural economists. ...

By Amiya K. Bagchi. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987

490. cheap money

‘By a long-established convention the rate of discount or the short-term rate of interest is called the “price” of money, so that “dear money” means ...

By Susan Howson. From The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, First Edition, 1987