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Your search for "duality" over the article keywords returned 22 results.

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1. convex programming

This article summarizes the basic ideas of convex optimization in finite-dimensional vector spaces. Duality, the Fenchel transforms and ...

By Lawrence E. Blume. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

2. cost functions

1 Introduction Cost and expenditure functions are widely used in both theoretical and applied economics. ...

By W. Erwin Diewert. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

3. Shephard, Ronald William (1912–1982)

Shephard was born in Portland, Oregon, or 22 November 1912 and died in Berkeley, California, on 22 July 1982. He received his BA ...

By W. Erwin Diewert. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

4. simplex method for solving linear programs

The simplex method is used to solve linear programming problems based on pivoting from one iteration to the next. Invented by George Dantzig in 1947, ...

By George B. Dantzig. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

5. cost minimization and utility maximization

Consider the following standard problem in the theory of demand: Find x*≥0 so as to max u(x) subject to 〈x,p〉≤ω where 〈x,p〉 is the inner product of the ...

By Peter Newman. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

6. convexity

Convexity is the modern expression of the classical law of diminishing returns, which was prominent in political economy from Malthus ...

By Lawrence E. Blume. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

7. primary and secondary labour markets

The primary/secondary distinction involves an application of the concept of economic dualism to the labour markets of advanced capitalist economies. In ...

By Paul Ryan. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

8. Bondareva, Olga (1937–1991)

Olga Nikolajevna Bondareva was born in St Petersburg on 27 April 1937. She joined the Mathematical Faculty of the Leningrad State University in 1954, ...

By Myrna Wooders. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

9. vintages

Vintages are durable goods acquired at different points of time. The acquisition prices for capital goods of each vintage at each point of time together ...

By Dale W. Jorgenson. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

10. Divisia index

The Divisia index, it its modern application, is a continuous-time index related to an underlying economic structure via a potential function. Under certain ...

By Charles R. Hulten. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008