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Your search for "**duality**" over the article keywords returned
22 results.

### 1. convex programming

This article summarizes the basic ideas of convex optimization in finite-dimensional vector spaces. Duality, the Fenchel transforms and ...

### 2. cost functions

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Introduction
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Cost and expenditure functions are widely used in both theoretical and applied economics. ...

### 3. Shephard, Ronald William (1912–1982)

Shephard was born in Portland, Oregon, or 22 November 1912 and died in Berkeley, California, on 22 July 1982. He received his BA ...

### 4. simplex method for solving linear programs

The simplex method is used to solve linear programming problems based on pivoting from one iteration to the next. Invented by George Dantzig in 1947, ...

### 5. cost minimization and utility maximization

Consider the following standard problem in the theory of demand: Find x*≥0 so as to max u(x) subject to 〈x,p〉≤ω where 〈x,p〉 is the inner product of the ...

### 6. convexity

Convexity is the modern expression of the classical law of diminishing returns, which was prominent in political economy from Malthus ...

### 7. primary and secondary labour markets

The primary/secondary distinction involves an application of the concept of economic dualism to the labour markets of advanced capitalist economies. In ...

### 8. Bondareva, Olga (1937–1991)

Olga Nikolajevna Bondareva was born in St Petersburg on 27 April 1937. She joined the Mathematical Faculty of the Leningrad State University in 1954, ...

### 9. vintages

Vintages are durable goods acquired at different points of time. The acquisition prices for capital goods of each vintage at each point of time together ...

### 10. Divisia index

The Divisia index, it its modern application, is a continuous-time index related to an underlying economic structure via a potential function. Under certain ...