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Your search for "research and development" over the article keywords returned 43 results.

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1. total factor productivity

Total factor productivity (TFP) is the portion of output not explained by the amount of inputs used in production. This article sets out the measurement ...

By Diego Comin. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

2. patent valuation

Agents routinely appraise and trade individual patents. But small-sample methods (generally derived from basic accounting and finance) are often crude, ...

By Jonathan Putnam. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

3. patent races

A patent race is a competition between two or more inventors, typically firms, to discover an invention first, thereby securing a patent ...

By Richard A. Jensen. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Online Edition, 2009

4. growth and cycles

There is a long tradition in macroeconomics of treating growth and cycles as distinct phenomena. However, various economists have also recognized the ...

By Gadi Barlevy. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

5. Soviet and Russian research, development and innovation

For its level of economic development, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) possessed a research and development (R&D) system that was impressive ...

By Julian Cooper. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

6. transfer of technology

This article discusses the transfer of technological knowledge with a focus on firms in different countries. The dominant form of such technology transfer ...

By Wolfgang Keller. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

7. growth accounting

Growth accounting consists of a set of calculations resulting in a measure of output growth, a measure of input growth, and their difference, most commonly ...

By Francesco Caselli. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

8. agriculture and economic development

Agriculture plays a vital role in economic development by facilitating the transition from a low-income subsistence to a high-income ...

By John W. Mellor. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

9. skill-biased technical change

Skill-biased technical change is a shift in the production technology that favours skilled over unskilled labour by increasing its relative productivity ...

By Giovanni L. Violante. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008

10. Griliches, Zvi (1930–1999)

Born in Lithuania and a survivor of the Dachau concentration camp, Zvi Griliches was one of the most important and influential empirical economists of ...

By Ernst R. Berndt. From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008